Situated on Africa’s East Coast, Kenya is a country of savannahs, snow-capped mountains and white, sandy beaches. Home to over 40 indigenous tribes, including the Kikuyu, Swahili and Maasai, Kenya also has significant minority groups of Arab, Indian and European descent. The Kikuyu are the largest tribe in the country and dominate political and economic spheres. After decades of relative stability, ethnic tensions have led to outbursts of violence in recent years, particularly focussed around election periods.
Major causes of death include infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, respiratory infections and diarrhoeal disease, as well as maternal mortality and road traffic accidents. Malaria, also in the top ten causes of death, causes considerable ill health and disproportionately affects pregnant women and young children.
The public, government-provided health system accounts for about half of all the health services in Kenya, with the remainder made up of private providers and NGO-led facilities. The health system is arranged in tiers, starting from community-based dispensaries, with a focus on immunisation and preventive health measures, up to national referral hospitals, with sophisticated provision for diagnosis and treatment.
Doctors Worldwide has been working in Kenya since 2009, supporting existing healthcare services and providing custom built primary care clinics, in Western Kenya and on the East Coast.